A comparison of the genuine and forged examples
of first issue stamps from selected countries

Click any image to enlarge

There are three types, I, II, III, distinguished by how high the notch under the "H" of Thaler rises toward the "H". Rev. Earee's descriptions have Types I and II switched from what is shown here, based on the 1980 Minkus catalog. This listing will be revised if a general consensus is found. Right now it is easier to keep them as they are because Minkus had illustrations and Rev. Earee does not.

German State, Oldenburg Genuine« Back


Illustration of all 3 types from Minkus Catalog 1980

The notch in the shield below the "H" of Thaler is as follows. (1) Type I, The notch rises high enough to touch the bottom of the "H". (2.) Type II, The notch begins to rise but does not reach the bottom of the "H". (3.) Type III, The notch barely rises at all. (4.) From the prices given in the 1980 catalog, it appears that Type II is the scarcest.


1852 German State, Oldenburg #1, Type I, Genuine

(1.) The notch in the shield below the "H" of Thaler rises and touches the bottom of the "H".


1852 German State, Oldenburg #1, Type II, Genuine

(1.) The notch in the shield below the "H" in Thaler begins to rise, but does not reach the bottom of the "H".


1854 German State, Oldenburg #1, Type III, Genuine

(1.) The notch in the shield below the "H" of Thaler barely rises at all.