A comparison of the genuine and forged examples
of first issue stamps from selected countries

Click any image to enlarge

The 1855 issue of Bremen is printed on blue laid paper, #1 on horizontally laid paper and #1A on vertically laid paper. There are three types of each, identified by the number of vertical lines in the oval ornament below the left down stroke of "M" of Bremen. Type I has one vertical line and the top of the oval is closed. Type II has two vertical lines and the top of the oval is almost closed. Type III has three vertical lines and the top of the oval is open more widely.

German State, Bremen Genuine« Back


1855, German State, Bremen, #1A, Type I, Genuine

(1.) #1 and #1A are both imperforate. (2.) Both #1 and #1A are found in 3 types. (3.) #1 has all the same characteristics as #1A (for each type) but it is printed on horizontally laid paper. This #1A is printed on vertically laid paper. (4.) This stamp has one vertical line in the oval below the left down stroke of "M". The top of this oval is closed. (5.) There is a small black dot touching the center of the middle trefoil of the crown. (6.) Middle jewel in the base of the crown is a pearl. (7.) Key does not touch outline of shield above. There are 8 vertical lines to the left of the highest point of the key near the top of the shield. (8.) There are 18 vertical lines in shield. Most of them are a little too long and extend higher than the top of the shield. (9.) The shield does not touch outlines of the 3 on the left. (10.) The point of the shadow at the bottom of the shield points more to the center of the circular ornament below it than it does on Type II. (11.) The thin shading line under "MEN" of Bremen is broken after the final down stroke of "M", after the letter "E", after the first down stroke of "N", and after the final up stroke of "N". (12.) Exp: APS cert. Notes:do. Ref: Earee


1855, German State, Bremen, #1, Type II, Genuine

(1.) Printed on horizontally laid paper. (2.) Type II stamp has two vertical lines in the oval below the left down stroke of "M", and the top of the oval is almost closed. (3.) The small black dot over the middle trefoil of the crown is a littler farther to the left than on the Type I stamps. (4.) The middle jewel at the base of the crown is a pearl like Type I. (5.) The key does touch the top line of the shield on this stamp (as on all Type II). (6.) There are 8 vertical lines to the left of the highest point of the key at the top of the shield as there are on Type I. (7.) There are 18 vertical lines along the top of the shield in this type also as in Type I, but one of them is lost at the point where the key touches the top of the shield. (8.) The shield does touch the outlines of the 3 to the left. (9.) The point of the shadow at the bottom of the shield points more to the right side of the circular ornament below it. (10.) The thin shadow line under letters "MEN" is broken the same as Type I above. (11.) Exp: PF cert. Notes:do Ref: Earee.