A comparison of the genuine and forged examples
of first issue stamps from selected countries

Click any image to enlarge

The genuine originals and Reprint II printed from Die I have "secret marks", a scratch of color above the first "k" of "k.k." and a dot 2.5 mm SW of "G" and another 3 mm SE of "t" in the word "Gesellschaft". The "secret marks" have been removed from Reprint III, but a shadow remains. There are no "secret marks" on Reprint I or on the forgeries.

Austria, Danube Steam Navigation Company (DDSG) Genuine« Back


April 15, 1866, DDSG, Michel #1A, used, Genuine original, Odessa, Russia cancel

(1.) Perf 12 original. (2.) Type 3 (scar at 9:00 o'clock at left anchor ring). (3.) Exp: APS cert. Plating Info: T. Balm.


April 15, 1866, DDSG, Michel #1A, used, Genuine original, Calafat, Romania cancel

(1.) Another perf 12 original. (2.) Type 3 (scar at 9:00 o'clock at the left anchor ring). (3.) Exp: T.Balm


April 15, 1866, DDSG, Michel #1A, Genuine original, Lom Palaka, Bulgaria cancel

(1.) Perf 12 original. (2.) Type 1 (slightly flat top on "c" of Dampfschiffahrt, also flat top on "s"). (3.) Exp: T.Balm


April 15, 1866, DDSG, Michel #1A, used, Genuine original with a natural paper crease, Rustzuk, Bulgaria cancel

(1.) Perf 12 original. (2.) Type 8 (hairline mark beneath thin line under "a" of Donau, also weak break in thin line under "Da" of Dampf. (3.) Exp: T.Balm


1878, DDSG, Reprint I

(1.) Rough perf 9.5. (2.) Die II. All the "f's" have rounded tops. (3.) Exp: T.Balm


1880, DDSG, Reprint II, All mail service had ceased by 1880. This was printed for sale to collectors.

(1.) Rough perf 9.5. (2.) Printed from the original Die I. (3.) Type 3 (scar at the left anchor ring). (4.) Secret marks still remain. (5.) Exp: T.Balm


1900, DDSG, Reprint III, Printed for sale to collectors.

(1.) Clean cut perf 9.5. (2.) Printed from the original Die I. (3.) Type 3 (scar at the left anchor ring). (4.) Secret marks have been removed. (5.) Color of this reprint is brighter than the originals. (6.) Exp: T.Balm


1900, DDSG, Another reprint III, Printed for sale to collectors

(1.) Clean cut perfs 9.5. (2.) Printed from the original Die I. (3.) Type 2 (down stroke of the "s" of Erste is thinner). (4.) Secret marks have been removed. (5.) Color of this reprint is brighter that the originals. (6.) Exp: T.Balm.